Today food allergy is widely spread problem and among various allergens that can cause a painful reaction to the organism, there is yeast. This ingredient is contained in a high percentage of bakery products, sweets, pasta and certain alcoholic beverages, such as champagne, beer.
Yeast – is a group of unicellular fungi that are part of the cheese, soy sauce, dried fruits, mushrooms, tomato sauce, peanuts, vinegar, and even tea. Yeast can be contained in a vitamin complex and mineral supplements, so people who are prone to allergies should take them with the caution.
Yeast exists throughout our body and in our gastrointestinal tract which is also known as Candida fungi. It is suggested that some people have an overgrowth of yeast; it forces the immune system to react and cause the allergy to yeast but this theory has not been proved.
The modern researches show that the yeast allergy is provoked by a protein existing in its compound. Thus, when allergens are ingested into the body for the first time, they immediately perceived as hostile agents and the antibody production to the stimulus begins. The further contact with these proteins induces a big release of histamine in the body. These histamines destroy yeast proteins and at this moment the allergic reaction develops.
The brewer’s yeast is regarded to be one of the most recognizable allergen, contained in the beverage and it is often used for medicinal purposes. If there is a response to the beer, you should stop consuming and other alcoholic beverages. Some people because of the individual peculiarities of the organism do not digest baker’s yeast, and they also require changing their ration.
Yeast Allergy Symptoms
The yeast allergy symptoms develop after a few minutes or hours after exposure of the body with the allergen. They are moderately expressed, sometimes independently vanish approximately within 24 hours, and in some cases are retained for a longer time.
Yeast allergy is characterized with the following symptoms:
- muscle weakness;
- slight skin rash;
- watery eyes, accompanied by itching;
- sneezing, runny nose;
- a sore throat;
One of the primary symptoms that appear- is a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, because in this way the stimulus enters the body. The patient has cramps and abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea may develop.
If the described symptoms are observed, probably this is really the allergy. But it is substantial to determine which allergens provoke its appearance and whether it is yeast or something else. This can do only a qualified allergist, who will assign a patient medical testing, and then will be able to give prescriptions to the treatment.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Yeast Allergy
Diagnosis will consist of several stages; each of them has a sufficiently large value:
- Anamnesis – a doctor gets to know about potential allergens the patient contacted with and checks the food for the presence of yeast elements. Also, it is indispensable to inform the doctor about your heredity, to clarify if there are any people who suffer from allergies in the family;
- Blood test- it allows to determine the existence and level of immunoglobulin – a protein that is answerable for the evolution of allergy, and the intensity of the symptoms;
- Skin tests – is the major method of diagnosis, because it allows identifying a substance that triggers the development of the allergic reaction. For this testing a liquid with a specific allergen is applied on the patient’s skin, if around the place of contact occur redness and itching, it is the positive result of the study.
Taking into account that yeast allergy is found pretty rare, the treatments are limited. In fact, the most productive type of curing – is radical changes in the ration which mean the exclusion of the yeasts to reduce their levels in the body. Here belong:
- fresh vegetables;
- food rich in protein, such as beef, turkey, fish, eggs;
- food rich in complex carbohydrates such as beans, buckwheat and brown rice, lentils and barley.
It is essential always to wash fresh vegetables before eating. Sweet food should be avoided.
Specialists proved that the biggest amount of yeast is in the products containing sugar.
If you do not know what food may cause an allergic reaction, you can ask a nutritionist for a help to properly plan a new ration. In some cases, such a diet is supplemented with special antifungal medicine, which aim is suppress the growth of all kinds of harmful microorganisms. If you still notice the symptoms of allergy, then the doctor may prescribe antihistamines such as Dimedrolum or Loratadine, which help to relieve the condition.
To conclude, the traditional treatment is helpless against this disease. But a healthy and active lifestyle in compliance with the diet allows allergy sufferers to reduce the frequency of allergy symptoms.