Wheat, being the main cereals for much of the world’s population, is firmly established among the most prevalent allergens. Wheat allergy is connected with the gluten intolerance.
The gluten – is a specific protein, which is contained in wheat, rye, oats, and barley. The fact is that some special enzymes are produced in our organism; they rely for digestion of this hazardous protein. When the enzymes are not formed or their amount is insufficient, the hypersensitivity to this provocateur appears, eventually, we observe the allergic reaction.
The allergic reactions to wheat pertain not only to adults, but it is an accepted fact among infants too. The main reason is an improper feeding; first of all it concerns young mother, who give the semolina porridge to babies before the required time. Because of this, firstly the child’s organism rejects the protein and in future it will always give the wrong reaction to it.
There are two forms of the allergic reactions to gluten:
1. Temporary allergy to gluten – this disease occurs and develops among the infants, but it can vanish in older age, as maturation of the gastrointestinal tract, settling it with lactobacilli, bifidobacteria and the normalization of the production of enzymes.
2. Celiac disease – a lifelong gluten intolerance associated with not enough number of the enzyme that disintegrates the gluten in the digestive process.
Wheat Allergy Symptoms
Wheat allergy can have different degree of severity and it is accompanied by a variety of symptoms:
- bowel disorders;
- the rash and red spots on the skin;
- the violation of the respiratory system (the development of asthma, sore throat);
- violation of the heart rhythm, at times, the development of tachycardia;
- weakness in body and higher temperature;
- hay fever;
Regularly the allergy can be caused even by inhalation of its pollen; sometimes the symptoms of pollinosis may occur, which includes: cough; sneezing; mucous secretion from the nose, lacrimation and bronchospasm.
The symptoms of wheat allergy among the children up to a year are similar to adults’ reactions and have different clinical manifestations:
- Irritability, constant crying and whims;
- Severe pallor of the skin;
- Dermatitis on the elbows, knees, head and buttocks;
- Sudden loss of weight; there are no physiological conditions, the ribs protrude, arm and legs are thin.
- The delay in development can be observed.
If you have any suspicions that your child has this allergy, you should immediately show him to the allergist, who assigns the right diet and it gets rid of clinical manifestations of the disease.
Wheat allergy treatment
To begin with, people with this allergy should take notice of their ration; moreover, it is essential to follow the gluten-free diet. It means that the patient excludes those dishes, where the main provocateur is contained. The list of forbidden products is represented bellow:
- flour, even if it is not wheat flour (in small doses, it can be there);
- baby food, except the special food for children, who suffer from this allergy;
- various semi-products, which have the dough and potato starch;
- ketchup and products, where the modified starch is included.
Apart from the above mentioned food, the patient is limited in consumption of alcoholic beverages, as well as genetically modified products, because the majority of them contain the derivatives of wheat, which cause the hypersensitivity of our organism.
So, while buying food, it is significant to explore the label describing the content of the product and rule out the meal with these components: gluten, gelled starch, hydrolyzed vegetable protein, wheat bran, sprouted wheat, vegetable gluten, and vegetable starch.
When the diet is assigned, it retains the necessary quantity of protein, but the percentage of fats and carbohydrates is reduced.
In this way, the meal of a person, who possesses this allergy, may contain: weak tea, juice, dishes of meat, rice, corn, potatoes, liver, fish and also bakery products made from corn, rice, rye, barley, oat or potato flour.
Gradually the low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt, eggs are added to the ration. Everything is steamed, fried food is excluded. This period lasts 1 to 2 months. Then you can expand your diet by increasing the proportion of protein.
If you have got the first symptoms of wheat allergy, it is strongly recommended to take medication, such as “Suprastin”, “Fenistil” or “Tavegil”. “Suprastin” is believed to be fast-acting, effectual medicine, which removes all the signs of allergy, but many patients notice that after its consumption you feel drowsiness and poor concentration.
One more side effect is that it negatively influences on liver that is why it cannot be used very often. In comparison, “Tavegil” is safer than the previous product but not so effective.
As for “Fenistil”, this product is so controversial, thence, some people admit its miraculous effect, while others – total ineffectiveness.
The next point, after the said medication, is the immunostimulants of gastrointestinal tract, such as “Linex”; it should be applied with the caution, because a lot of people have allergy to it.
The general strengthening of the body is vital too, for this reason is recommended to undergo a course of taking vitamins, especially vitamin C. Many previous researches have shown a great efficacy of this to facilitate allergic conditions.
For a little child it is better to select gels with a pleasant taste, for example “Enterosgel”, which removes toxins from the body, thereby improve the state of health. A baby cannot swallow it, consequently, it is diluted with water and the child drinks this dedication in the liquid state.
Alternatives ways of wheat allergy treatment are commonly practiced. The compress or bath, made on the basis of bur-marigold broth, calendula and chamomile helps to relieve itching; and the tincture of calendula is orally eligible too.
But the traditional medicine should not be used as the main therapy; it is necessary to consult the doctor and do not self-medicate, as it very often inefficacious and can make mischief.