Egg allergy is regarded to be extremely complicated type of allergic reactions. It enforces the patient to change his or her ration drastically and always control the compounds of the products.
Egg allergy – is a quite common phenomenon, because there is a generous amount of nutrients like vitamin B-12 and E, proteins, iron, folic acid, calcium etc. in chicken eggs, as a result, the reaction can appear to each of this substance.
But usually, the response happens to albumen, which is contained in egg white. Sometimes the allergen is vitellin, which is in egg yolk; most frequently this element is disintegrated while cooking, consequently, it does not bring any harm.
However, each organism is unique and it is impossible to foresee the person’s reaction to this or that product, thus the dose of protein for each individual differs. Besides, this allergy may last the whole life or cease with the lapse of time.
Symptoms of Egg Allergy
This disease has a generous amount of diverse manifestations; moreover, the degree of severity of reaction depends on 2 major factors: the amount of allergen, which got into the body and the sensitivity of immune system.
The egg allergy symptoms can be divided in some types according to organs, which react to this allergen:
- itching of the nose, sneezing;
- nasal congestion;
- clear, watery discharge from the nose;
- watery eyes, itchy eyes;
- shortness of breath, difficulty breathing.
- itchy skin redness;
- atopic dermatitis.
- nausea, vomiting;
- increased flatulence.
The egg symptoms can progress very quickly – from some seconds till 5 minutes, as well as begin to occur a few hours after the contact with the allergen.
At intervals, the allergy is accompanied by complications, and then the patient needs urgent medical care, otherwise, they may result in serious consequences.
The list of the most often found complications is represented below:
- giant urticaria (angioedema) causes a sudden swelling of the cheeks, lips, tongue and can be a reason of suffocation;
- dizziness, disorientation, fainting show a sharp decrease in blood pressure;
– sharp pain in the abdomen, chest, quickly spread throughout the body itching, vomiting, difficulty in breathing up to breathlessness – the symptoms of anaphylactic shock.
Egg Allergy Treatment
Unfortunately, modern medicine has not found the method how to cure this disease yet. The good means to avoid the reaction to this allergen is to exclude from the ration the products, which contain it.
Here belong not only natural eggs, but also food that inserts eggs and egg powder in its recipe: pastry, spaghetti, mayo, ice-cream, dessert cream etc. The person also should not use products, which includes the following ingredients:
- a thickening agent, an emulsifier, a coagulant.
1.The use of antihistamines: Cortisone, Epinephrine, Theophylline. It is regarded to be very effective, but one essential drawback, which distinguish many patients is that this medicine is addictive.
2. Specific immunotherapy – alleviates the severity of the allergic reaction. This treatment includes regular small doses of allergen vaccination, which induce the production of the body’s own antibodies. This therapy continues 2 months, and the course of treatment compiles 45 injections. Generally, this treatment benefits individuals and it is accompanied with the best comments, except one negative side – its price, which is rather expensive.
3. The usage of chelators: Activated carbon. Enterosgel, Polysorb.Such medicinal preparation helps to excrete toxins and allergens. Among the above mentioned medical products, Polysorb is believed to be the most forceful. There is no nausea or desire to go to the toilet after this medication. In comparison with Activated carbon, it works faster and softer. The patients admit, that this medicine is not only helps to cope with the symptoms, but it also really positively effects on problem skin.
4. Quail eggs treatment- this measure does not have medical confirmation but it has a great popularity inter the people, who suffer not only from egg allergy, but also have problems with stomach, nails, diathesis, because it is natural, 100 percent digestible product. These eggs should be taken in the morning, fasting, half an hour before a meal. Children from 1 year are given 1 egg, 4 year old children – 2 eggs, 8 year old – 3 eggs in day. Adults can eat 4-6 eggs, depending on their weight.
5. Hospitalization and carrying out measures of intensive care – this measure is used for severe disease.
1. To be careful while making vaccination, as the immunization remedies are grown on chick embryos, so they can be hazardous for people with allergies to eggs.
2. Not everybody knows that the dishes, where the eggs were boiled, are unsafe even after the washing, which can cause the exacerbation of the allergy.
3. If the child suffers from this disease, the parents should warn the educators of kindergarten or school.
4. To be careful while visiting restaurants, cafes and other public places. When ordering the meals emphasize, that it should not include any eggs.
5. Whilst cooking substitute the eggs by their analogues:
- apricot or banana puree;
- pack of gelatin diluted in two tablespoons of hot water;
- the mixture of water with soda and 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil;
- mineral water.
The Causes of Egg Allergy
The causes of egg allergy can be diversified, for instant, if one or both parents suffer from chicken protein intolerance or have an allergy to it, there is a big jeopardy that a child can also inherit a predisposition to this allergy.
The second main reason is, when the parents enter into the baby’s ration the chicken eggs too early or conversely, too late; the sudden acquaintance with the new product is also harmful.
One more point, the parents should reckon in the immaturity of the enzyme system of their child.
To sum up, the complex approach – following the proper diet, riddance of the contact with the allergen and medication can quickly help to get out of the symptoms and prevent possible sequela.
For more information watch next video – Dr. John Seyerle via American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology: